How To Calculate Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA (Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization) is a financial metric that evaluates a company’s operational performance by excluding certain non-cash expenses and one-time charges. It gives a better understanding of the company’s profitability from its main activities.

How to Calculate Adjusted EBITDA 

Here are the five easy steps for how to calculate adjusted EBITDA:

  1. Start with the company’s EBITDA figure, which can be found on the income statement. EBITDA is typically calculated as follows: EBITDA = Net Income + Interest + Taxes + Depreciation + Amortization.
  2. Identify non-recurring, one-time, or discretionary expenses that you want to exclude from the calculation. These could include restructuring charges, impairment losses, gains/losses on asset sales, or any other expenses that are not part of normal operations.
  3. Add back these excluded expenses to the EBITDA figure. This adjustment is made to reflect the company’s ongoing operational performance without the impact of these non-recurring items.
  4. Optionally, you can also make adjustments for non-cash expenses like stock-based compensation or certain other non-operating items.
  5. What is the adjusted EBITDA? The result of this calculation, which provides a clearer picture of the company’s underlying operational performance after excluding certain items. Adjusted EBITDA = EBITDA + Adjustments.

Adjusted EBITDA Formula

Adjusted EBITDA = Net Income + Interest + Taxes + Depreciation + Amortization + Other Adjustments

Financial term EBITDA

Common EBITDA Adjustments 

Common EBITDA adjustments include:

  1. Adding back non-cash expenses like depreciation and amortization.
  2. Adjusting for one-time or non-recurring expenses, such as restructuring costs or litigation settlements.
  3. Excluding non-operating income or expenses like gains or losses from asset sales.
  4. Making adjustments for changes in accounting methods.
  5. Accounting for extraordinary items to reflect the company’s ongoing operational performance accurately.

Why Calculating Adjusted EBITDA is Important 

Operational Efficiency Insight:

Adjusted EBITDA is a way to measure a company’s operational efficiency. It focuses on the important items by excluding non-operational expenses such as interest, taxes, and depreciation. This allows stakeholders to evaluate how well the company is making money from its main operations.

Cross-Industry Performance Comparison:

Adjusted EBITDA makes it simpler to compare financial performance across various industries by standardizing profitability measures. It helps to eliminate irrelevant factors, making it easier to compare companies and helping investors find companies with strong operational performance compared to their peers.

Growth Potential Evaluation:

Adjusted EBITDA is a useful metric for fast-growing companies as it hones in on operational earnings and disregards non-cash expenses such as depreciation. This helps evaluate the company’s growth potential. This helps investors figure out if the company has enough money to support growth plans and invest in future expansion opportunities.

Financial Health and Stability Assessment:

Adjusted EBITDA is useful for evaluating a company’s financial well-being and stability as it offers a reliable indicator of profitability. When you leave out non-cash charges such as depreciation, it allows stakeholders to assess the company’s capacity to handle debt, finance investments, and weather economic downturns.

Strategic Decision Support:

Adjusted EBITDA is a useful tool for making strategic decisions. It gives valuable insights into how well operations are performing, helps identify areas of strength and weakness, and assists in allocating resources effectively. When it comes to assessing acquisitions, divestitures, or capital expenditures, this tool is useful for maximizing shareholder value.

Applications of Adjusted EBITDA 

What is adjusted EBITDA? It can be used in many business situations. It is one of the most important ways for investors and analysts to judge how well a business is running, especially in industries that need a lot of cash, like technology or manufacturing.

The adjusted EBITDA formula is a standard way to measure how profitable a business is, and it is often used with multiples to help figure out how much a company is worth in mergers and acquisitions.

Lenders may also use adjusted EBITDA to figure out if a company can pay its debts, which affects their credit choices. It also helps managers make decisions within the company by guiding strategic planning and allocating resources.

How TGG Can Help 

TGG Accounting, renowned for its financial management and business advisory services, helps clients accurately calculate adjusted EBITDA. TGG makes sure to carefully analyze financial data and accounting practices to accurately reflect the true operational performance of the business.

Frequently Asked Questions About Calculating Adjusted EBITDA

When figuring out the difference between adjusted EBITDA vs EBITDA, think of it like this: EBITDA is a way to measure how well a company is doing without taking into account certain expenses. So what is adjusted EBITDA? It also removes any one-time or optional expenses to give a better understanding of the ongoing operational performance.


The measure of EBITDA to total revenue, called EBITDA margin, shows what percentage of revenue turns into EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA margin is similar, but it leaves out some costs to give a more true picture of how efficiently a business is running.

When you determine EBITDA using metrics that are not in line with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), you have what is called “non-GAAP EBITDA.” Depending on the changes that are made, adjusted EBITDA may or may not match GAAP standards. However, their main goal is to give a more accurate picture of how well an operation is doing.

No, adjusted EBITDA is not a standard measure. The changes that are made can make it very different from one company to the next. Investors and experts need to look over the changes carefully and know how they will affect the company’s finances.

Adjusted EBITDA is useful for understanding a company’s operating performance, but it’s important to recognize its limitations. For instance, it might not give an accurate representation of the company’s cash flow or financial health, and management can manipulate it to show a more positive image of the company’s performance.

When investors look at a company’s financial success, adjusted EBITDA should be one of several metrics they use. Other things like cash flow, debt levels, and industry trends should also be taken into account to get a full picture of the company’s health.